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START-UP PROMOTION FOR ENTREPRENEURIAL RESILIENCE

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 Contents



What is entrepreneurship?

Popular understanding and common misconceptions about entrepreneurshipClick to view
What is entrepreneurship? Click to view
Types of entrepreneurship Click to view
Why entrepreneurship matters Click to view


 Keywords

definition of entrepreneurship; types of entrepreneurship; start-ups; commercial entrepreneurship; social entrepreneurship; innovation; intrapreneursh

 Objectives/goals:

Understand what entrepreneurship is in a narrow & broad sense Identify the many different forms of entrepreneurship Discuss why entrepreneurship matters EU Entrepreneurial Competencies: Self-awareness and self-efficacy



 Description:

Entrepreneurial behaviour is at the root of human activity. People’s ideas and creations provide products, services and solutions that organise human activity and make life easier. The common views of entrepreneurship associate it solely with business creation and profit orientation. Yet, entrepreneurs can be found in public and private sphere. Also, not all of them contribute to the economy and the society equally. This training fiche will help you understand what entrepreneurship is. It will discuss different types of entrepreneurship and explain how entrepreneurship is important for the economy and the society. You will also see how and why you should be entrepreneurial without necessarily opening a new business.




 Bibliography

· Hunter, M., 2012. On some of the misconceptions about entrepreneurship. Economics, Management and Financial Markets, 7(2), p.55.


· Kearney, C., Hisrich, R.D. and Roche, F., 2009. Public and private sector entrepreneurship: similarities, differences or a combination?. Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, 16(1), pp.26-46.


· Lounsbury, M. and Glynn, M.A., 2001. Cultural entrepreneurship: Stories, legitimacy, and the acquisition of resources. Strategic management journal, 22(6?7), pp.545-564.


· OECD 2017. Observatory of Public Sector Innovation. Available at https://www.oecd.org/governance/observatory-public-sector-innovation/home/ · Stam, E., Hartog, C., Van Stel, A. and Thurik, R., 2011. Ambitious entrepreneurship, high-growth firms and macroeconomic growth. The Dynamics of Entrepreneurship: Evidence from Global Entrepreneurship Monitor Data, pp.231-49.


· Trenchard, R., 2016. Be inspired: Five brilliant examples of intrapreneurship in action. Available online at: https://www.virgin.com/entrepreneur/be-inspired-five-brilliant-examples-intrapreneurship-action [last accessed 26 February 2017]


· Trenchard, R., 2016. Top tips for encouraging intrapreneurship in your business. Available online at: https://www.virgin.com/entrepreneur/top-tips-encouraging-intrapreneurship-your-business [last accessed 26 February 2017].


· Anheier, H.K. and Isar, Y.R. eds., 2008. Cultures and globalization: The cultural economy. Sage.


· Antoncic, B. and Hisrich, R.D., 2001. Intrapreneurship: Construct refinement and cross-cultural validation. Journal of business venturing, 16(5), pp.495-527.


· Antoncic, B. and Hisrich, R.D., 2003. Clarifying the intrapreneurship concept. Journal of small business and enterprise development, 10(1), pp.7-24.


· Austin, J., Stevenson, H. and Wei Skillern, J., 2006. Social and commercial entrepreneurship: same, different, or both?. Entrepreneurship theory and practice, 30(1), pp.1-22.


· DiMaggio, P., 1982. Cultural entrepreneurship in nineteenth-century Boston: The creation of an organizational base for high culture in America. Media, Culture and Society, 4(1), pp.33-50.


· DiMaggio, P., 1982. Cultural entrepreneurship in nineteenth-century Boston, part II: The classification and framing of American art. Media, Culture and& Society, 4(4), pp.303-322.


· Estrin, S., Mickiewicz, T. and Stephan, U., 2013. Entrepreneurship, social capital, and institutions: Social and commercial entrepreneurship across nations. Entrepreneurship theory and practice, 37(3), pp.479-504.


· Giacomin, O., Janssen, F., Guyot, J., & Lohest, O. (2011). Opportunity and/or necessity entrepreneurship? The impact of the socio-economic characteristics of entrepreneurs, MPRA Paper 29506.


· Hunter, M., 2012. On some of the misconceptions about entrepreneurship. Economics, Management and Financial Markets, 7(2), p.55.


· Kearney, C., Hisrich, R.D. and Roche, F., 2009. Public and private sector entrepreneurship: similarities, differences or a combination?. Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, 16(1), pp.26-46.


· Klamer, A., 2011. Cultural entrepreneurship. The Review of Austrian Economics, 24(2), pp.141-156.


· Klofsten, M. and Jones-Evans, D., 2000. Comparing academic entrepreneurship in Europe–the case of Sweden and Ireland. Small Business Economics, 14(4), pp.299-309.


· Leyden, D.P. and Link, A.N., 2015. Public sector entrepreneurship: US technology and innovation policy. Oxford University Press, USA.


· Lounsbury, M. and Glynn, M.A., 2001. Cultural entrepreneurship: Stories, legitimacy, and the acquisition of resources. Strategic management journal, 22(6?7), pp.545-564.


· Moberg, K., Stenberg, E. and Vestergaard, L., 2012. Impact of entrepreneurship education in Denmark-2012. Odense, Denmark: The Danish Foundation for Entrepreneurship–Young Enterprise.


· Morris, M.H. and Jones, F.F., 1999. Entrepreneurship in established organizations: The case of the public sector. Entrepreneurship: Theory and Practice, 24(1), pp.71-71.


· OECD 2017. Observatory of Public Sector Innovation. Available at https://www.oecd.org/governance/observatory-public-sector-innovation/home/


· Parker, S.C., 2011. Intrapreneurship or entrepreneurship?. Journal of Business Venturing, 26(1), pp.19-34.


· Pugalis, L., Davidson, J., McLeay, F. and Round, A., 2016. Tough times, difficult choices and public entrepreneurship: Is sponsorship a winning solution?. In New Perspectives on Research, Policy and Practice in Public Entrepreneurship (pp. 37-59). Emerald Group Publishing Limited.


· Rehn, A., Brännback, M., Carsrud, A. and Lindahl, M., 2013. Challenging the myths of entrepreneurship? Entrepreneurship and Regional Development, Vol. 25(7-8), pp. 543-551.


· Scott, M., 2012. Cultural entrepreneurs, cultural entrepreneurship: Music producers mobilising and converting Bourdieu´s alternative capitals. Poetics, 40(3), pp.237-255.


· Siegel, D.S. and Wright, M., 2015. Academic entrepreneurship: time for a rethink?. British Journal of Management, 26(4), pp.582-595.


· Smallbone, D. & Welter, F. (2004). Entrepreneurship in transition economies: Necessity or opportunity driven?, www.babson.edu/entrep/fer/BABSON2003/XXV/XXV-S8/xxv-s8.htm (last accessed 23 April 2010)


· Stam, E., Hartog, C., Van Stel, A. and Thurik, R., 2011. Ambitious entrepreneurship, high-growth firms and macroeconomic growth. The Dynamics of Entrepreneurship: Evidence from Global Entrepreneurship Monitor Data, pp.231-49.


· Stephan, U., Uhlaner, L.M. and Stride, C., 2015. Institutions and social entrepreneurship: The role of institutional voids, institutional support, and institutional configurations. Journal of International Business Studies, 46(3), pp.308-331.


· Swedberg, R., 2006. The cultural entrepreneur and the creative industries: beginning in Vienna. Journal of Cultural Economics, 30(4), pp.243-261.


· Trenchard, R., 2016. Be inspired: Five brilliant examples of intrapreneurship in action. Available online at: https://www.virgin.com/entrepreneur/be-inspired-five-brilliant-examples-intrapreneurship-action [last accessed 26 February 2017]


· Trenchard, R., 2016. Top tips for encouraging intrapreneurship in your business. Available online at: https://www.virgin.com/entrepreneur/top-tips-encouraging-intrapreneurship-your-business [last accessed 26 February 2017].


· Williams, N. and Williams, C.C., 2014. Beyond necessity versus opportunity entrepreneurship: some lessons from English deprived urban neighbourhoods. International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, 10(1), pp.23-40.





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